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Title: Bible Names and Their Meaning.

Compiled by Jack Enlow


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INTRODUCTION

The following list of Bible names is a compilation of material available in the best Concordances and Bible Dictionaries. It is a consensus of the meanings of Biblical names from many scholars. "In the multitude of counselors there is safety.” (Pr. 11:14).

EXPLANATORY NOTES

The meaning of some Bible names is completely unknown, or is so doubtful that there is wide disagreement by Bible scholars. These names are not found in our list. If only two or three reference books give the same meaning to a certain Bible name, them we have indicated that the particular meaning given is very questionable, by means of a question mark used in two different ways: (1) Addi – (ornament?) and (2) Pas-dammin – border (or end) of blood (?).

In the first example, the, word (or words) will be found enclosed between parentheses, and the last word is followed by a question mark, to indicate that the meaning given is not generally agreed “or end” are in parentheses, the question mark is placed between parentheses, to indicate that the whole meaning given – “border (or end) of blood (?)” – is not generally agreed upon.

Words enclosed in parentheses, but not followed immediately by a question mark, are used in the following cases: (1) Abihu — God is (my) father. The word (my) in parentheses indicates that this word is an alternate reading: i.e. “God is father” is the preferred meaning, but “God is my father” is also an acceptable meaning for the word “Abihu.” (2) Ahira – brother of (or is) wickedness. In this case, the word “or” indicates that “is” may be substituted for “of,” so that the meanings are “brother of wickedness,” or “brother is wickedness.” (3) Gittites – dwellers in Gath (winepress). In this case, the word (or words) enclosed in parentheses give the meaning of the Bible name which it follows.

Alternate meanings indicated by the word “or,” but not enclosed in parentheses, signify that neither meaning is preferred. For example: Shaalbim – cave or p lace of foxes. “Cave of foxes, or “place of foxes," are equally acceptable meanings.

Generally speaking, one Bible reference, giving book, chapter and verse, i.e. Gen.1:1 is given for each Bible name, to indicate that the name has the same meaning wherever used in the Bible, and reference given shows the first passage where the particular name is used. But, when one Bible name in English represents two or more words in the original, with separate meanings, then it is necessary to indicate in some way which references go with which meaning. For example, Abel – (1) breath or vapor (Gen. 4:2); (2) meadow (only in 1Sa. 6:18 & 2Sa. 20:18). This indicates that there are two words in the original, having separate meanings, but which are represented in the English language by the one word, “Abel.” One meaning is “meadow,” and it means this only in 1Sa. 6:18 & 2Sa. 20:18. In all other references where “Abel” is found, it means “breath or vapor,” and the first reference where it has this meaning is in Gen 4:2.

Ham – black; (hot?) (Gen. 5:32) (but not in Gen. 14:5). This indicates that in Gen. 14:5 another word is used in the original, whose meaning is unknown, or so questionable that it is not given.


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